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Aegle Marmelos

Aegle marmelos, commonly known as Bael or Bael fruit, is a medicinal and fruit-bearing tree native to the Indian subcontinent. It belongs to the Rutaceae family and has several names in different languages, including Bengal quince, wood apple, and golden apple. Here is a description of the Aegle marmelos plant:

  1. Size and Appearance: The Bael tree is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree that can grow up to 40-50 feet (12-15 meters) in height. It has a straight, cylindrical trunk with a brownish-gray bark that may be smooth or slightly rough. The tree's branches spread widely and form a rounded crown.

  2. Leaves: The leaves of the Bael tree are alternate, glossy, and trifoliate, meaning each leaf is composed of three leaflets. The leaflets are oval-shaped, leathery, and about 2-6 inches (5-15 cm) long. The leaves have a pleasant, aromatic scent when crushed.

  3. Flowers: Bael trees produce small, greenish-white, and fragrant flowers. The flowers are bisexual and have five petals. They typically bloom in clusters during the spring season.

  4. Fruit: The Bael fruit is one of the most distinctive features of the tree. It is round or slightly pear-shaped and has a hard, woody shell with a smooth surface. When ripe, the shell turns from green to a yellowish-brown or grayish color. Inside the fruit, there is a brownish pulp with numerous seeds embedded in it. The pulp is aromatic and has a sweet and tangy flavor. It is edible and commonly used to make refreshing drinks, sherbets, and traditional medicinal preparations.

  5. Habitat: Aegle marmelos is native to the Indian subcontinent and is commonly found in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan. It thrives in warm and tropical climates and is often found in dry forests and open grasslands.

  6. Medicinal Uses: Various parts of the Bael tree, including the fruit, leaves, and roots, have been used in traditional medicine for centuries. The fruit is known for its digestive properties and is used to treat various gastrointestinal disorders like diarrhea, dysentery, and indigestion. The leaves and roots are also used in herbal remedies for their antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.

  7. Cultural Significance: The Bael fruit holds cultural significance in India and is often associated with religious rituals and festivals. It is considered sacred to Lord Shiva and is offered to the deity during prayers and worship.

In summary, Aegle marmelos, or the Bael tree, is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree native to the Indian subcontinent. It is known for its trifoliate leaves, fragrant flowers, and distinctive round fruit with medicinal and cultural significance.


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