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Triplaris Surinamensis

Triplaris surinamensis, commonly known as the Triplaris or Surinam Rubber Tree, is a tropical tree species native to South America, particularly found in regions such as Suriname, Guyana, Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. Here's a description of the Triplaris surinamensis plant:

  1. Appearance: Triplaris surinamensis is a medium to large-sized tree that can grow up to 60 to 100 feet (18 to 30 meters) in height. It has a straight, columnar trunk with a diameter ranging from 2 to 4 feet (0.6 to 1.2 meters). The bark of the tree is grayish-brown and rough in texture.

  2. Leaves: The leaves of the Triplaris surinamensis are simple, alternate, and broadly elliptic to ovate in shape. They have a glossy, dark green color on the upper surface and a lighter green color on the underside. The leaves have prominent venation and serrated margins.

  3. Flowers: The tree produces small, inconspicuous flowers that are greenish-yellow in color. The flowers are unisexual, meaning that male and female flowers are borne on separate trees (dioecious). The male flowers are arranged in dense spikes, while the female flowers are clustered in short spikes.

  4. Fruit: After successful pollination, the female flowers develop into small, round fruit capsules. These capsules contain tiny, winged seeds that aid in their dispersal by the wind.

  5. Habitat and Distribution: Triplaris surinamensis is typically found in lowland rainforests, riparian zones, and along riverbanks in its native range. It thrives in humid and tropical climates.

  6. Latex Production: One of the notable features of Triplaris surinamensis is its ability to produce natural latex. The latex, sometimes referred to as "cow tree latex," is collected from the tree and has been used by indigenous people for various purposes, including as a source of rubber.

  7. Ethnobotanical Uses: Besides the latex usage, various parts of the Triplaris surinamensis tree have been used in traditional medicine by indigenous communities in South America. The bark and leaves are believed to have medicinal properties and are used for treating various ailments.

  8. Ecological Importance: Triplaris surinamensis is an important tree species in its native habitat, providing habitat and food sources for various wildlife species, including birds and insects.

It's important to note that while Triplaris surinamensis is an interesting tree species with unique characteristics, it is primarily found in its native range, and its cultivation may not be common or recommended in regions outside of South America. If you are interested in planting or learning more about this tree, it's best to consult with local experts or botanical institutions familiar with the species and its suitability for your specific area.


  • Triplaris Surinamensis

    Original price Rs. 90.00
    Original price Rs. 90.00 - Original price Rs. 90.00
    Original price Rs. 90.00
    Current price Rs. 30.00
    Rs. 30.00 - Rs. 30.00
    Current price Rs. 30.00
    In stock

    Triplaris surinamensis, also known as the Surinam rubber tree or triplaris tree, is an extraordinary tropical plant that graces the landscapes of K...

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